Function MilliSeconds() Foundation

Determines the number of milliseconds that have elapsed since midnight.

MilliSeconds() --> nMilliSeconds

The function MilliSeconds() returns a numeric integer value in the range of 0 to 86,399,999. It corresponds to the system time, in the form of the number of milliseconds that have elapsed since midnight.


The environment function MilliSeconds() provides the current system time in milliseconds (one thousandth of a second). The function can be used for code profiling, where the system time is determined at the beginning and the end of a procedure and the elapsed time is calculated.

Code profiling with MilliSeconds()

// In this example, the time to run two different pieces of code that 
// both create an array filled with random characters is compared using 
// MilliSeconds(). This is a rudimentary form of profiling. 
// The first approach uses AAdd() to populate an empty array in a loop, 
// while the second approach creates a pre-dimensioned array using the 
// Array() function and then updates each existing array item. 

#define ARRAY_ITEMS  200000 

   LOCAL aArray 
   LOCAL nItem 
   LOCAL nMilliSecs1 
   LOCAL nMilliSecs2 
   LOCAL nMilliSecs3 

   nMilliSecs1 := MilliSeconds() 
   aArray      := {} 
   FOR nItem := 1 TO ARRAY_ITEMS 
      AAdd(aArray, Chr(RandomInt(65, 90))) 

   nMilliSecs2 := MilliSeconds() 
   aArray      := Array(ARRAY_ITEMS) 
   FOR nItem := 1 TO ARRAY_ITEMS 
      aArray[nItem] := Chr(RandomInt(65, 90)) 

   nMilliSecs3 := MilliSeconds() 
   ? "Time for AAdd() :", nMilliSecs2 - nMilliSecs1 
   ? "Time for Array():", nMilliSecs3 - nMilliSecs2 

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